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Menieres disease (Morbus Meniere) is a triad of vertigo, tinnitus and hearing loss with the duration of an attack lasting from minutes to several hours. It is named after Prosper Menière, a french physician, who first described these symptoms, observed in his patients.
Beside the location of the disorder, the endolymphatic space, we know very little about the disease. Lermoyez syndrome, fluctuating hearing loss and Menieres syndrom describe linked disorders.
Today we understand the symptoms of sudden hearing loss, fullness of the ear, vertigo attacks and hissing tinnitus as signs of a complex syndrome, called:
DEGENERATIVE VESTIBULO-COCHLEAR DISORDER (DVCD).
As causes for this syndrome, which can affect the hearing, the sense of aequilibrium or both, a number of pathologies have been found to be responsible: